Railroad companies were able to standardize their timetables in 1883 because hand-operated brakes with air brakes on trains were invented.
Hand-Operated Brakes with Air Brakes on Trains is the fact that it was not until many years later that inventors came up with a way for trains to stop, which led to the standardization of railroad timetables. Hand-operated brakes are mechanical devices that are applied by hand or foot that are used on vehicles running on rails.
They are most often found on locomotives or railway cars, and they can also be called “sprag” brakes or “slack action” levers when they operate automatically when a train slows down. Air brakes are a form of vehicle brake in which pressure from a compressed air tank or reservoir pushes on pistons to force pads against the spinning wheel of the vehicle to slow it and stop it.
A train is a connected series of railroad vehicles that are used for long-distance transportation. Air brakes were first used on railway locomotives, but they have been installed on all sorts of vehicles, including trams and trolleybuses and even watercraft; they are considered the most important braking system in use today.
The standardization of the timetable in 1883 –
The standardization of the timetable was the effect, and it was not before 1883 that railway companies started to keep their timetables more organized. It can thus be concluded that the standardization is a result of a combination of the telegraph and the electric railway.
The first telegraph lines started to be built in the United States in 1844 between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore with a total length of 85 miles. Two years later, these lines reached New York City and by 1861 America had nearly 400,000 miles of telegraph line as well as thousands of trained operators.
The first electric railway in the United States was built outside Boston in 1883 and had a maximum speed of 15 miles per hour and when it was powered by compressed air. It ended with a remarkable success and marked the beginning of world-wide use of electric traction for railways.
The most important new invention to boost railways is the 4-wheel hand-operated brakes with air brakes on trains. They were first used on railway locomotives, but they have been installed on all sorts of vehicles, including trams and trolleybuses and even watercraft; they are considered the most important braking system in use today. It can thus be concluded that standardization was caused by all these three inventions combined together.
1. The invention of the electric railway –
This was the second foundation for the standardization. The first electric railway company, in which the maximum speed was 15 miles per hour and powered by compressed air, took place in 1878 with remarkable success.
2. The most important new invention to boost railways –
It is hard to find something more important than the invention of 4-wheel hand-operated brakes with air brakes on trains. They have been installed on all sorts of vehicles, including trams and trolleybuses and even watercraft; they are considered the most important braking system in use today.
3. The invention of the telegraph –
This was the root of the standardization. Railroad companies used the telegraph for communicating between stations, and it allowed the timetable to be standardized soon after the telegraph was invented.
4. A better understanding of the railway system –
Transportation is an important concern of a society. In the past, people had to face serious problems when they needed to travel. For example, if someone needed to be in a destination in New York City by 12:30 but the train left at midnight, the person would spend an entire day on the train and arrive late. By inventing a timetable that was kept more organized and understandable, people could plan their trip more efficiently and save a lot of time.
5. The establishment of normal deadlines –
When railways were first used as transportation, there were no deadlines for trains because no one considered how long it would take for someone to arrive somewhere by train. The new timetables standardized by 1883 standardized the times trains had to leave and the time they would arrive at a destination. In addition, limiting the number of passengers that could be transported was another important step in standardizing timings.
6. The Boston and Albany Railroad –
The first railway in which hand-operated brakes with air brakes on trains were installed was in 1875 along with the Boston and Albany Railroad, known as the Old Colony.
7. The Connecticut Company –
The London and Birmingham Railway, known as the London and Birmingham Railway Company, was designed by George Stephenson and was the first mainline railway in England to be built with a gauge of standard 4 feet 8½ inches. The company also built the first railway line in the United States between Baltimore and Washington D.C., which opened for service in 1830.